The Prophet {PBUH}

The Last Sermon of the Prophet Muhammad SAW

Prophet Muhammad’s (peace and blessings be upon him) farewell sermon / ﻉﺍﺩﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﻄﺧ , Khutbatu l-Wada’
9 DhulHijjah 10 AH (9 March 632) at Mount Arafat
Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) undertook his farewell pilgrimage in the year 10 A.H. His farewell pilgrimage to Mecca is one of the most significant historical events in the minds of Muslims, for it was the first and last pilgrimage performed by Prophet Muhammad, as well as being the model for performing the fifth pillar of Islam, Hajj.
Prophet Muhammad’s final sermon was delivered during the Hajj of the year 632 C.E., the ninth day of Dhul Hijjah, the 12th month of the lunar year, at Arafat, the most blessed day of the year. There were numerous Muslims present with the Prophet during his last pilgrimage when he delivered his last sermon.
Even today, the last sermon of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is passed to every Muslim in every corner of the world through all possible means of communication. Muslims are reminded of it in mosques and in lectures. Indeed the meanings found in this sermon are astounding, touching upon some of the most important rights Allah Almighty has over humanity, and humanity has over each other. Though the Prophet’s soul (peace be upon him) has left this world, his words are still living in our hearts.
After praising and thanking Allah, Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
“O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and TAKE THESE WORDS TO THOSE WHO COULD NOT BE PRESENT HERE TODAY.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest); therefore all interest obligations shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah has judged that there shall be no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib (Prophet’s uncle) shall henceforth be waived…
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
O People, listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, perform your five daily prayers (salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in zakat (almsgiving). Perform Hajj if you can afford it.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor does a black have any superiority over a white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will appear before Allah and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the QURAN and my example, the SUNNAH and if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people”.

Sahabas

Ali (RA) passes by a grave

Hadhrat Kumail (Radhiyallaho anho) says: “I was with Ali (Radhiyallaho anho) once on a journey, when he reached an uninhabited place; he approached a grave and said: ‘0 you dwellers of the graves! 0 you who live amongst ruins! 0 you who live in the wilderness and solitude! How fare you in the other world? How has it gone with you there?’ He continued: ‘The news from our side is that all you did leave of the wealth and riches here, has long been distributed; your children are orphans; your widows have long since remarried. Now let us hear about vou.’ He then turned to me: ‘0 Kumail! If they could speak, they would have informed us that the best provision for the Hereafter is Taqwa.’ Tears “,;elled out of his eyes, as he added: ‘0 Kumail! The grave is a container of the deeds; but one realizes it only after death.” Our good or bad actions are stored up in our graves. It is said in a Hadith that every person meets his good deeds in the grave in the person of an agreeable companion who befriends and consoles him there. But his wicked deeds assume hideous shapes emitting bad smells, which add to his misery. In another Hadith it is said: “Three things accompany a person to his grave viz: His wealth (as was the prevalent custom among the Arabs of the time), his relatives, and his deeds. His wealth and his relatives turn back after his burial, but his actions go in and stay with him in the grave.” Once the. Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) asked the Sahabah: Continue reading “Ali (RA) passes by a grave”

Sahabas, The Prophet {PBUH}

Invocations

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It was narrated by Al-Harith bin Suwaid : ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud related to us two narrations: One from the Prophet and the other from himself, saying: A believer sees his sins as if he were sitting under a mountain which, he is afraid, may fall on him; whereas the wicked person considers his sins as flies passing over his nose and he just drives them away like this.” Abu Shihab (the sub-narrator) moved his hand over his nose in illustration. (Ibn Mas’ud added): Allah’s Apostle said, “Allah is more pleased with the repentance of His slave than a man who encamps at a place where his life is jeopardized, but he has his riding beast carrying his food and water. He then rests his head and sleeps for a short while and wakes to find his riding beast gone. (He starts looking for it) and suffers from severe heat and thirst or what Allah wished (him to suffer from). He then says, ‘I will go back to my place.’ He returns and sleeps again, and then (getting up), he raises his head to find his riding beast standing beside him.”

Sahabas

Hadhrat Abu Bakr and a soothsayer’s food

Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiyallaho anho) had a slave who used to give him a portion of his daily income as the master’s share. Once he brought him some food, and Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiyallaho anho) took a morsel out of it. Then the slave remarked: “You always enquire about the source of what I bring to you, but today you have not done so.” He replied: “I was feeling so hungry that I failed to do that. Tell me now, how did you come by this food?” The slave said: “Before I embraced Islam, I practised sooth-saying. During those days I came across some people for Stories of the Sahaabah whom I practised some of my charms. They promised to pay me for that later on. I happened to pass by those people today, while they were engaged in a marriage ceremony, and they gave me this food.” Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiyallaho anho) exclaimed: ‘Ah! you would have surely killed me?” Then he tried to vomit the morsel he had swallowed, but could not do so, as his stomach had been quite empty. Somebody suggested to him to take water to his fill and then try to vomit. He sent for a goblet of water and kept on taking water and forcing it out, till the morsel was vomitted out. Somebody remarked: “May Allah have mercy on you! You put yourself to such trouble for one single morsel.” To this he made reply: “I would have thrust it out even if I had to lose my life. I have heard the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) saying. ‘The flesh nourished by haraam food, is destined for the fire of Hell.’ 1, therefore, made haste to vomit this morsel, lest any portion of my body should receive nourishment from it.” Many stories of this nature have been reported about Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiyallaho anho). As he was very scrupulous and would not taste anything but that about which he was perfectly sure, even the slightest doubt about its being ‘halal’ would make him vomit what he had taken.

The Prophet {PBUH}

Advice of the Prophet (SAW)

A nomad said to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ ‘Advise me.’ And he ﷺ said, ‘If a man defamed you with what he knows about you, do not defame him with what you know about him. For the sin is against him.’ The nomad said, ‘I never abused any person after that.’

The Prophet {PBUH}

The Prophet’s (SAW) opinion about two persons

Some people were sitting with the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) when a person passed that way. The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) asked of the company: “What do you think of this person?” They replied: “0 Prophet of Allah! He is the scion of a good family. By Allah. he is such that if he seeks in marriage the hand of a woman of the most illustrious family, he would not be rejected. If he recommends anybody. his recommendation would be readily accepted.” Thereupon the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) held .~ his peace. A little later, another person happened to pass .s that way, and the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) put rJ:J the same question to his companions about that person also. They replied: “0, Prophet of Allah! He is a very poor Muslim. If he is betrothed somewhere, chances are that he will not get married. If he happens to recommend anybody, his recommendation is not likely to be accepted. If he talks, few would listen to him.” Thereupon the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) remarked: “This latter person is better than a whole lot of such persons as the former.” Belonging to a good family carries absolutely no weight with Allah. A poor Muslim, who is of little esteem and who commands but little respect in this world, is far nearer to Allah than hundreds of the so-called noblemen who, though respected and attended upon by the wordly people, are far from the path of Allah. It is said in Hadith: “It will be the end of this world when there remains not a single soul to hymn the name of Allah. It is by the holy name of Allah that the system of this universe is running.” 9. Privations go with love for the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) A person came to the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) and said: “0 Prophet of Allah! I love you so much.” The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam): “Think well before you say this.” The person: “I have already given thought. I love you very much, 0, Prophet of Allah.” The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam): “Think once again before you declare such a thing.” The person: “I still love you very much, 0, Prophet of Allah.” The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam): “Well, if you are sincere in what you say, then be prepared to face privation and want coming to you from all directions, for it pursues call those who love me, as swiftly as water running down-stream.” That is why we find the Sahabah living mostly a life of poverty. Similarly the eminent Muhaddithin, Sufi’s and theologians lived hand to mouth throughout their life.

Hadith Of Prophet Muhammad, sheikhyusufamir, The Prophet {PBUH}

Wishes

It was narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah : We were in the company of Allah’s Apostle and we assumed the state of Ihram of Hajj and arrived at Mecca on the fourth of Dhul-Hijja. The Prophet ordered us to perform the Tawaf around the Ka’ba and (Sa’i) between As-Safa and Al-Marwa and use our lhram just for ‘Umra, and finish the state of Ihram unless we had our Hadi with us. None of us had the Hadi with him except the Prophet and Talha. 1AIj came from Yemen and brought the Hadi with him. ‘Ali said, ‘I had assumed the state of Ihram with the same intention as that with which Allah’s Apostle had assumed it. The people said, “How can we proceed to Mina and our male organs are dribbling?” Allah’s Apostle said, “If I had formerly known what I came to know latterly, I would not have brought the Hadi, and had there been no Hadi with me, I would have finished my Ihram.” Suraqa (bin Malik) met the Prophet while he was throwing pebbles at the Jamrat-al-‘Aqaba, and asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! Is this (permitted) for us only?” The Prophet replied. “No, it is forever” ‘Aisha had arrived at Mecca while she was menstruating, therefore the Prophet ordered her to perform all the ceremonies of Hajj except the Tawaf around the Ka’ba, and not to perform her prayers unless and until she became clean. When they encamped at Al-Batha, ‘Aisha said, “O Allah’s Apostle! You are proceeding after performing both Hajj and ‘Umra while I am proceeding with Hajj only?” So the Prophet ordered ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr As-Siddiq to go with her to At-Tan’im, and so she performed the ‘Umra in Dhul-Hijja after the days of the Hajj.

sheikhyusufamir

Hadith, Hadith Of Prophet Muhammad, sheikhyusufamir, The Prophet {PBUH}

Conditions

It was narated By Marwan and al-Miswar bin Makhrama : (From the companions of Allah’s Apostle) When Suhail bin Amr agreed to the Treaty (of Hudaibiya), one of the things he stipulated then, was that the Prophet should return to them (i.e. the pagans) anyone coming to him from their side, even if he was a Muslim; and would not interfere between them and that person. The Muslims did not like this condition and got disgusted with it. Suhail did not agree except with that condition. So, the Prophet agreed to that condition and returned Abu Jandal to his father Suhail bin ‘Amr. Thenceforward the Prophet returned everyone in that period (of truce) even if he was a Muslim. During that period some believing women emigrants including Um Kalthum bint Uqba bin Abu Muait who came to Allah’s Apostle and she was a young lady then. Her relative came to the Prophet and asked him to return her, but the Prophet did not return her to them for Allah had revealed the following Verse regarding women:

“O you who believe! When the believing women come to you as emigrants. Examine them, Allah knows best as to their belief, then if you know them for true believers, Send them not back to the unbelievers, (for) they are not lawful (wives) for the disbelievers, Nor are the unbelievers lawful (husbands) for them (60.10).

Narrated ‘Urwa: ‘Aisha told me, “Allah’s Apostle used to examine them according to this Verse: “O you who believe! When the believing women come to you, as emigrants test them… for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (60.10-12) ‘Aisha said, “When any of them agreed to that condition Allah’s Apostle would say to her, ‘I have accepted your pledge of allegiance.’ He would only say that, but, by Allah he never touched the hand of any women (i.e. never shook hands with them) while taking the pledge of allegiance and he never took their pledge of allegiance except by his words (only).”

Hadith Of Prophet Muhammad, sheikhyusufamir, The Prophet {PBUH}

Ammaar and his parents

Hadhrat Ammaar (Radhiyallaho anho) and his parents were also subjected to the severest afflictions. They were tormented on the scorching sands of Mecca. The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) while passing by them would enjoin patience giving them glad tidings about paradise. Arnrnaar’s father Yasir (Radhiyallaho anho) died after prolonged sufferings at the hands of persecutors, and his mother Sumayya (Radhiyallaho anha) was killed by Abu . Iahl, who put his spear through the most private part of her body, causing her death. She had refused to renounce Islam in the face of terrible torture in her old age. The blessed lady was the first to meet martyrdom in the cause of Islam. The first mosque in Islam was built by Ammaar (Radhiyallaho anho). When the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) emigrated to Madinah, Ammaar (Radhiyallaho anho) offered to build a structure for him where he could sit, take rest in the afternoon, and say his Salaat under its roof. He first collected the stones and then built the musjid in Quba. He fought against the enemies of Islam with great zeal and courage. Once he was fighting in a battle when he said rejoicingly: “I am to meet my friends very soon, I am to meet Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) and his companions.” He then asked for water. He was offered some milk. He took it and said: “I heard the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) saying to me, “Milk shall be the last drink of your worldly life. ” He then fought till he met his coveted end. He was then aged about ninety-four.

Hadith Of Prophet Muhammad, Sahabas, sheikhyusufamir, The Prophet {PBUH}

Bilal’s story about the Prophet

Someone inquired of Bilal (Radhiyallaho anho) how the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) met his ex.penses. He replied: “He never kept back anything for future use. I arranged money for him. Whenever a needy person, whether hungry or naked, came to him, he would make him over to me and I would then arrange for his needs by borrowing money from somebody. This is what usually happened. Once a Mushrik came to me and said: ‘Look here! I have a lot of money to spare. Don’t borrow money from anybody else. Whenever you need it. come straight to me.’ I exclaimed: ‘This is indeed fine.’ I began to borrow money from him to meet the needs of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam). One day, after I had taken mv Wudhu and was about to call Azaan, the same Mushrik accompanied by some people came and shouted, ‘a, Negro!’ When I attended to him. he began to abuse me, using filthy language and said: ‘How many days are left of this month? ‘I said: ‘It is about to finish. ‘He said most insolently: ‘Look here! there are only four days left of this month. If you fail to clear up your debts by the end of the month. I shall take you as my slave for my money and then you will be grazing sheep as you have been doing before.’ After saying this he went away. I remained melancholy and full of grief throughout the day. After Isha when the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) was alone. I went and narrated the story to him, saying: ‘0. Prophet of Allah! you have nothing with you. nor can I arrange any money from somewhere so quickly. I am afraid the Mushrik will disgrace me. I therefore intend to keep away for such time as you get sufficient monev to clear the debts.’ I went home, took my sword, shield, and shoes. and waited for the morning to make for some other place. Just before dawn. somebody came to me and said. ‘Hurry up. The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) wants you.’ I hurried to the musjid and found four loaded camels sitting near the Prophet. He said: ‘Good news. Bilal. Allah has made arrangements for clearing your debts. Take these camels with their load. The Chief of Fidak has sent them as a gift to me.’ I thanked Allah and took the camels and cleared up all the debts. In the meantime. the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) kept sitting in the musjid. When 1 returned, 1 said: ‘Alhamdulillah.’ All the debts are now clear. O. Prophet of Allah’ He inquired: ‘Is there anything left from the gift?” I said, “Yes. something is still left.” He said, “Go and spend that as well. 1 shall not go home until the whole lot is spent.’ The Prophet kept sitting in the musjid all day long. After Isha he inquired again if everything had been spent.. I said: ‘Something is still left unspent. A few of the poor have not turned up so far.’ He slept in the musjid that night. Next day after Isha’a he again called me to him and said: ‘Bilal! Is everything finished now?” I said: ‘Yes, Allah has blessed you with peace. Everything is now spent and gone .’ The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) began to hymn the Glory of Allah over this news, for he did not like death to overtake, him while any of the riches were in his possession. He then went home and met his family.” It is common with pious people that they do not like to keep any wealth with them. How could the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam), being the fountain-head of all piety, like to keep anything in his possession? It is said of Maulana Abdur Rahim (May Allah have mercy on him), a Saint of our time, that all that he received as gifts from the people was immediately spent by him and he did not keep anything for himself. A few days before his death, he gave over all his clothes to one of his attendants and said: “If I need to wear any clothes in my life. I shall borrow them from you.” And I also know about my late father, who whenever had any money left after Maghrib, would give it to someone of his creditors (he was several thousand rupees in debt) and would say ‘I would not like to keep this source of trouble with me for the night.’