“Oh Abazar! do value & esteem five things before five others (to happen).
a. your youth before your old age.
b. your health before your ailment.
c. your wealth before your poverty.
d. your life before your death.”
— Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (S.A.W.W)
It was narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah : We were in the company of Allah’s Apostle and we assumed the state of Ihram of Hajj and arrived at Mecca on the fourth of Dhul-Hijja. The Prophet ordered us to perform the Tawaf around the Ka’ba and (Sa’i) between As-Safa and Al-Marwa and use our lhram just for ‘Umra, and finish the state of Ihram unless we had our Hadi with us. None of us had the Hadi with him except the Prophet and Talha. 1AIj came from Yemen and brought the Hadi with him. ‘Ali said, ‘I had assumed the state of Ihram with the same intention as that with which Allah’s Apostle had assumed it. The people said, “How can we proceed to Mina and our male organs are dribbling?” Allah’s Apostle said, “If I had formerly known what I came to know latterly, I would not have brought the Hadi, and had there been no Hadi with me, I would have finished my Ihram.” Suraqa (bin Malik) met the Prophet while he was throwing pebbles at the Jamrat-al-‘Aqaba, and asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! Is this (permitted) for us only?” The Prophet replied. “No, it is forever” ‘Aisha had arrived at Mecca while she was menstruating, therefore the Prophet ordered her to perform all the ceremonies of Hajj except the Tawaf around the Ka’ba, and not to perform her prayers unless and until she became clean. When they encamped at Al-Batha, ‘Aisha said, “O Allah’s Apostle! You are proceeding after performing both Hajj and ‘Umra while I am proceeding with Hajj only?” So the Prophet ordered ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr As-Siddiq to go with her to At-Tan’im, and so she performed the ‘Umra in Dhul-Hijja after the days of the Hajj.
It was narrated By Usama bin Zaid : We were with the Prophet when suddenly there came to him a messenger from one of his daughters who was asking him to come and see her son who was dying. The Prophet said (to the messenger), “Go back and tell her that whatever Allah takes is His, and whatever He gives is His, and everything with Him has a limited fixed term (in this world). So order her to be patient and hope for Allah’s reward.” But she sent the messenger to the Prophet again, swearing that he should come to her. So the Prophets got up, and so did Sa’d bin ‘Ubada and Mu’adh bin Jabal (and went to her). When the child was brought to the Prophet his breath was disturbed in his chest as if it were in a water skin. On that the eyes of the Prophet. became flooded with tears, whereupon Sa’d said to him, “O Allah’s Apostle! What is this?” The Prophet said, “This is mercy which Allah has put in the heart of His slaves, and Allah bestows His mercy only on those of His slaves who are merciful (to others).” (See Hadith No. 373, Vol. 2)
It was narrated by Ma’rur : I saw Abu Dhar wearing a Burd (garment) and his slave too was wearing a Burd, so I said (to Abu Dhar), “If you take this (Burda of your slave) and wear it (along with yours), you will have a nice suit (costume) and you may give him another garment.” Abu Dhar said, “There was a quarrel between me and another man whose mother was a non-Arab and I called her bad names. The man mentioned (complained about) me to the Prophet. The Prophet said, “Did you abuse so-and-so?” I said, “Yes” He said, “Did you call his mother bad names?” I said, “Yes”. He said, “You still have the traits of (the Pre-lslamic period of) ignorance.” I said. “(Do I still have ignorance) even now in my old age?” He said, “Yes, they (slaves or servants) are your brothers, and Allah has put them under your command. So the one under whose hand Allah has put his brother, should feed him of what he eats, and give him dresses of what he wears, and should not ask him to do a thing beyond his capacity. And if at all he asks him to do a hard task, he should help him therein.”
It was narated By Marwan and al-Miswar bin Makhrama : (From the companions of Allah’s Apostle) When Suhail bin Amr agreed to the Treaty (of Hudaibiya), one of the things he stipulated then, was that the Prophet should return to them (i.e. the pagans) anyone coming to him from their side, even if he was a Muslim; and would not interfere between them and that person. The Muslims did not like this condition and got disgusted with it. Suhail did not agree except with that condition. So, the Prophet agreed to that condition and returned Abu Jandal to his father Suhail bin ‘Amr. Thenceforward the Prophet returned everyone in that period (of truce) even if he was a Muslim. During that period some believing women emigrants including Um Kalthum bint Uqba bin Abu Muait who came to Allah’s Apostle and she was a young lady then. Her relative came to the Prophet and asked him to return her, but the Prophet did not return her to them for Allah had revealed the following Verse regarding women:
“O you who believe! When the believing women come to you as emigrants. Examine them, Allah knows best as to their belief, then if you know them for true believers, Send them not back to the unbelievers, (for) they are not lawful (wives) for the disbelievers, Nor are the unbelievers lawful (husbands) for them (60.10).
Narrated ‘Urwa: ‘Aisha told me, “Allah’s Apostle used to examine them according to this Verse: “O you who believe! When the believing women come to you, as emigrants test them… for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (60.10-12) ‘Aisha said, “When any of them agreed to that condition Allah’s Apostle would say to her, ‘I have accepted your pledge of allegiance.’ He would only say that, but, by Allah he never touched the hand of any women (i.e. never shook hands with them) while taking the pledge of allegiance and he never took their pledge of allegiance except by his words (only).”
Hadhrat Ammaar (Radhiyallaho anho) and his parents were also subjected to the severest afflictions. They were tormented on the scorching sands of Mecca. The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) while passing by them would enjoin patience giving them glad tidings about paradise. Arnrnaar’s father Yasir (Radhiyallaho anho) died after prolonged sufferings at the hands of persecutors, and his mother Sumayya (Radhiyallaho anha) was killed by Abu . Iahl, who put his spear through the most private part of her body, causing her death. She had refused to renounce Islam in the face of terrible torture in her old age. The blessed lady was the first to meet martyrdom in the cause of Islam. The first mosque in Islam was built by Ammaar (Radhiyallaho anho). When the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) emigrated to Madinah, Ammaar (Radhiyallaho anho) offered to build a structure for him where he could sit, take rest in the afternoon, and say his Salaat under its roof. He first collected the stones and then built the musjid in Quba. He fought against the enemies of Islam with great zeal and courage. Once he was fighting in a battle when he said rejoicingly: “I am to meet my friends very soon, I am to meet Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) and his companions.” He then asked for water. He was offered some milk. He took it and said: “I heard the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) saying to me, “Milk shall be the last drink of your worldly life. ” He then fought till he met his coveted end. He was then aged about ninety-four.
‘When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally.’ (Qur’an, 4:86) Ibn Abbas commented on this and said, ‘He who greets you return his greeting in better words even if he were a Magian.1 He also said, ‘If Pharoah were to speak nicely to me, I would do so to him.’
Someone inquired of Bilal (Radhiyallaho anho) how the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) met his ex.penses. He replied: “He never kept back anything for future use. I arranged money for him. Whenever a needy person, whether hungry or naked, came to him, he would make him over to me and I would then arrange for his needs by borrowing money from somebody. This is what usually happened. Once a Mushrik came to me and said: ‘Look here! I have a lot of money to spare. Don’t borrow money from anybody else. Whenever you need it. come straight to me.’ I exclaimed: ‘This is indeed fine.’ I began to borrow money from him to meet the needs of the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam). One day, after I had taken mv Wudhu and was about to call Azaan, the same Mushrik accompanied by some people came and shouted, ‘a, Negro!’ When I attended to him. he began to abuse me, using filthy language and said: ‘How many days are left of this month? ‘I said: ‘It is about to finish. ‘He said most insolently: ‘Look here! there are only four days left of this month. If you fail to clear up your debts by the end of the month. I shall take you as my slave for my money and then you will be grazing sheep as you have been doing before.’ After saying this he went away. I remained melancholy and full of grief throughout the day. After Isha when the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) was alone. I went and narrated the story to him, saying: ‘0. Prophet of Allah! you have nothing with you. nor can I arrange any money from somewhere so quickly. I am afraid the Mushrik will disgrace me. I therefore intend to keep away for such time as you get sufficient monev to clear the debts.’ I went home, took my sword, shield, and shoes. and waited for the morning to make for some other place. Just before dawn. somebody came to me and said. ‘Hurry up. The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) wants you.’ I hurried to the musjid and found four loaded camels sitting near the Prophet. He said: ‘Good news. Bilal. Allah has made arrangements for clearing your debts. Take these camels with their load. The Chief of Fidak has sent them as a gift to me.’ I thanked Allah and took the camels and cleared up all the debts. In the meantime. the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) kept sitting in the musjid. When 1 returned, 1 said: ‘Alhamdulillah.’ All the debts are now clear. O. Prophet of Allah’ He inquired: ‘Is there anything left from the gift?” I said, “Yes. something is still left.” He said, “Go and spend that as well. 1 shall not go home until the whole lot is spent.’ The Prophet kept sitting in the musjid all day long. After Isha he inquired again if everything had been spent.. I said: ‘Something is still left unspent. A few of the poor have not turned up so far.’ He slept in the musjid that night. Next day after Isha’a he again called me to him and said: ‘Bilal! Is everything finished now?” I said: ‘Yes, Allah has blessed you with peace. Everything is now spent and gone .’ The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) began to hymn the Glory of Allah over this news, for he did not like death to overtake, him while any of the riches were in his possession. He then went home and met his family.” It is common with pious people that they do not like to keep any wealth with them. How could the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam), being the fountain-head of all piety, like to keep anything in his possession? It is said of Maulana Abdur Rahim (May Allah have mercy on him), a Saint of our time, that all that he received as gifts from the people was immediately spent by him and he did not keep anything for himself. A few days before his death, he gave over all his clothes to one of his attendants and said: “If I need to wear any clothes in my life. I shall borrow them from you.” And I also know about my late father, who whenever had any money left after Maghrib, would give it to someone of his creditors (he was several thousand rupees in debt) and would say ‘I would not like to keep this source of trouble with me for the night.’
“God does not judge you according to you appearance and your wealth,but He looks at your hearts and looks into your deeds.”